Lichen Sebagai Bioindikator Pencemaran Udara Di Gerbang Kota (Gateway) Kota Jambi

Febri Juita Anggraini, Ria Resti Oktapiani, Freddy Ilfan, Zuli Rodhiyah

Abstract


The gateway of city is the point of entry and exit for traffic activities, the high traffic activity that occurs causes air pollution, thereby reducing air quality. The use of lichen as a bioindicator is considered more efficient than using other indicator tools or machines. Purpose of this study was to determine the level of air pollution at the gateway of Jambi city using lichen as a bioindicator and to determine the concentration of Pb metal content in lichen. The research method used is exploration with roaming methods. The location of the research was carried out at the West Gate of Simpang Rimbo, the South Gate of Paal 10, and the East Gate of Aurduri 2. The Pb metal test in lichen was carried out using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy analysis method (ICP-MS). Based on the measurement results, the Aurduri 2 location is included in the location of low traffic density with an average number of 18,509 vehicles/ day. The location with moderate traffic density is Paal 10 with an average number of 31,941 vehicles/ day. The vehicle traffic density with the highest number was the Simpang Rimbo location with an average number of 45,041 vehicles/ day. The highest concentration of Pb in lichen was at the Aurduri 2 sampling location with a Pb metal value of 3.01 ppm and the lowest at the Simpang Rimbo location of 2.31 ppm.


Keywords


Air Pollution; Lichen; Gateway; Pb Concentration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amin.M.Z. 2012. Analisis Kandungan Timbal (Pb) pada Tallus Lichen di Kabupaten Lamongan. Skripsi. Jurusan Biologi Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Conti dan Cecchetti, 2000. Biological Monitorig: Lichens as Bioindicators of Air Pollution Assesment- a Review. Environmental Pollution

Furi et, al. 2016. Eksplorasi lichen di Sepanjang Jalan Raya Solo Tawamangu dan Kawasan Hutan Sekipan Karanganyar Jawa Tengah. Jawa Tengah

Handika, Rizki Andre, dkk. 2019. Analisis Beban Emisi Kendaraan di Gerbang Masuk Jalan-Jalan Arteri ke Kota Jambi

Hasairin, Ashar., dan Siregar, Rosliana. 2018. Analisis Populasi Liken Makro Epifitik sebagai Bioindikator Kualitas Udara di Kawasan Terminal Pinang Baris Kota Medan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi.

Ihrom, A., dan Sulistyarsi, A. 2015. Biomonitoring Pencemaran Udara Menggunakan Bioindikator Lichenes di Kota Madiun. Florea Volume 2 no. 2

Indratmo, Dunat. 2006. Kajian Kapasitas Jalan dan Derajat Kejenuhan Lalu Lintas di Jalan Ahmad Yani Surabaya. Surabya. Jurnal Aplikasi ISSN. 1907-753X.

Ismiyati, dkk. 2014. Pencemaran Udara Akibat Gas Buang Kendaraan Bermotor. UMJ. Jakarta

Jamhari, Mohammad. 2010. Hubungan Kandungan Timbal (Pb) Di Udara Dengan Pb dalam Talus LichenXanthoparmelia Xanthofarinos. Palu.

Koistien, Kimmo. 2002. Exposure of an Urban Adult Population to PM2,5 Laboratory.

Koistinen, Kimmo. 2002. Exposure of an Urban Adult Population to PM2,5. Laboratory of Air Hygiene, University of Kuopio, Finland. ISSN 0359- 3584.

Loopi et.al 2002. Biodiversity of Ephypitic Lichens and Air Pollution in the Town of Siena (Central Italy, Environmental Pollution).

Mafaza, Husna, dkk. 2019. Keanekaragaman JenisLichen di Kota Semarang. Laboratorium Ekologi dan Biosistematika, Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Manahan S.E.1992. Toxicological chemistry. New York : Lewis Publishers.

Manual Kapasitas Jalan Indonesia. 1987

Marianingsih, Pipit, dkk. 2017. Keanekaragaman Liken Pulau Tunda Banten Sebagai Konten Pembelajaran Keanekaragaman Hayati Berbasis Potensi Lokal. Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa.

Murningsih, dkk. 2016. Jenis-jenis Lichen di Kampus UNDIP Semarang. Jurnal Bioma Vol. 18, No 1.

Mursisi, et al. 2001. Studi Keanekragaman Anggrek Epifit di Hutan Jabolarangan. Jurnal Biodiversity.

Naria E. 2005. Mewaspadai Dampak Bahan Pencemar Timbal(Pb) di Lingkungan Terhadap Kesehatan. Jurnal Komunikasi Penelitian volume 17 ( 4).

Peraturan Daerah Kota Jambi nomor 9 tahun 2013 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah (RTRW) Kota Jambi tahun 2013-2033

Sancho and Keppen. 1989. Indicators in Environmental protection. Ellis Horwood. New York.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/daurling.v4i1.61

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Daur Lingkungan Published by Environmental Engineering Program Study, Faculty of Engineering, Batanghari University
Adress: Fakultas Teknik, Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: daurling.unbari@gmail.com


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.